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Comparison of survival outcomes of locally advanced breast cancer patients receiving post-mastectomy radiotherapy with and without immediate breast reconstruction: a population-based analysis

Authors Wu SG, Zhang WW, Sun JY, Lin Q, He ZY

Received 13 January 2018

Accepted for publication 25 March 2018

Published 13 July 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 1993—2002


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

San-Gang Wu,1,* Wen-Wen Zhang,2,* Jia-Yuan Sun,2 Qin Lin,1 Zhen-Yu He2

1Department of Radiation Oncology, Xiamen Cancer Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen 361003, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objective: To compare the survival outcomes in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) patients receiving post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) with and without immediate breast reconstruction.
Methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program to include LABC patients who were treated/not treated with immediate breast reconstruction followed by PMRT between 2003 and 2010. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-squared test, Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, and Cox regression analysis. A 1:1 propensity score matching method was performed to decrease the selection bias.
Results: We identified 1,732 patient-pairs that were completely matched. In the unmatched population, 8,198 and 1,802 patients received mastectomy only and immediate breast reconstruction, respectively. Patients who received immediate breast reconstruction had better breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) (hazard ratio [HR] 0.880, 95% CI 0.783–0.989, P = 0.032) and overall survival (OS) (HR 0.846, 95% CI 0.758–0.943, P = 0.003) than patients who underwent mastectomy alone. However, in the matched population, there was comparable BCSS and OS between patients who received immediate breast reconstruction and mastectomy alone. Subset analysis in the matched population found that immediate breast reconstruction was associated with better BCSS (HR 0.750, 95% CI 0.614–0.917, P = 0.005) and OS (HR 0.779, 95% CI 0.644–0.942, P = 0.010) compared to patients aged <50 years who received mastectomy alone.
There are comparable survival outcomes in LABC patients who received immediate breast reconstruction or mastectomy alone followed by PMRT. However, patients aged <50 years had a survival advantage after immediate breast reconstruction.

Keywords: breast cancer, irradiation, autologous tissue, implant, prognosis

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