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Comparison of impedance measured by the forced oscillation technique and pulmonary functions, including static lung compliance, in obstructive and interstitial lung disease

Authors Takeichi N, Yamazaki H, Fujimoto K

Received 12 December 2018

Accepted for publication 16 April 2019

Published 24 May 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 1109—1118


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Naoya Takeichi,1 Haruna Yamazaki,1 Keisaku Fujimoto2

1Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Shinshu University, Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan; 2Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Shinshu University School of Health Sciences, Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan

Objective: To examine whether the parameters of impedance measured by the broadband frequency forced oscillation technique (FOT) were reflected by changes in lung compliance induced by emphysema and fibrosis, we retrospectively compared the parameters of FOT and pulmonary functions, including static lung compliance (Cst), in obstructive lung disease (OLD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD).
Patients and methods: The data of 18 patients with OLD (16 with COPD, two with asthma COPD overlap), 11 with ILD, and 24 healthy volunteers, whose respiratory impedance was measured using a MostGraph-01 and other pulmonary functions including Cst and lung resistance (RL) were measured on the same day and were retrospectively collected and compared.
Results: The parameters of resistance, reactance, and resonant frequency showed good correlations with ventilation unevenness (r=0.63, −0.89, 0.77, respectively) and lung elastic resistance (r=0.59, −0.80, 0.73, respectively) in all groups (N=53). These indices were significant determinants of increased respiratory resistance and more negative shift of respiratory reactance (Xrs) at lower frequency (P<0.001). Decreased functional residual capacity was also a determinant of Xrs at 5 Hz (X5) (P<0.05). The differences in mean X5 in the expiratory phase relative to those in the inspiratory phase (within-breath changes in X5) were associated with airflow obstruction (P<0.002) and lung elastic resistance (P<0.001). However, no significant correlations between Cst and any parameters of respiratory impedance were observed.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that the impedance parameters measured by FOT are reflected by airway obstruction, ventilation unevenness, and lung resistance, but hardly reflected by changes in lung compliance due to emphysema or fibrosis in both CLD and ILD.

Keywords: forced oscillation technique, resistance, reactance, esophageal balloon method, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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