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Comparison of Depression Rate Between the First- and Final-Year Nursing Students in Kermanshah, Iran

Authors Janatolmakan M, Andaieshgar B, Aryan A, Jafari F, Khatony A

Received 16 November 2019

Accepted for publication 16 December 2019

Published 24 December 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1147—1153

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S238873

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Einar Thorsteinsson


Maryam Janatolmakan,1 Bahare Andaieshgar,1 Amir Aryan,2 Faranak Jafari,1 Alireza Khatony3

1Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 2Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 3Health Institute, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Correspondence: Alireza Khatony
Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Nurse Blvd., Kermanshah, Iran
Tel/Fax +988338279394
Email Akhatony@gmail.com

Background: Depression can affect nursing students’ quality of life, academic performance, and clinical self-efficacy and may interfere with their relationship with patients. The purpose of this study was to compare of depression rate between the first- and final-year nursing students in Kermanshah, Iran.
Methods: In this descriptive–analytical study, 60 first-year and 42 last-year nursing students were enrolled. The participants were chosen using the census sampling method. The data collection tool was Beck’s Depression Inventory. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: In our study, 61.7% (n = 37) of the first year and 38.1% (n = 16) of the last year students had varying degrees of depression. The rate of depression was significantly higher in first-year students than last-year students (p = 0.013).
Discussion: Given the relatively high rate of depression among nursing students, the need for targeted planning to control their mental health, especially in the first year of study, is of importance.

Keywords: prevalence, depression, nursing, students

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