Comparison of biosimilar filgrastim with a reference product: pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety profiles in healthy volunteers
Received 28 November 2017
Accepted for publication 3 May 2018
Published 1 August 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2381—2387
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr Tuo Deng
Chungam Choi,1 Byung Won Yoo,2 Choon Ok Kim,2 Taegon Hong,2 Byung Hak Jin,2 Kwang-Seok Seo,3 Ja Yun Jang,4 Min Soo Park2
1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3Biopharmaceutical Research Laboratories, Dong-A Socio R&D Center, Yongin-si, Republic of Korea; 4Product Development Division, Dong-A ST Co., Ltd, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Purpose: Filgrastim, a granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, is used to treat patients with neutropenia, including neutropenic fever. Leucostim® is a recombinant filgrastim product tested for biosimilarity with its reference product, Neupogen®. We conducted a comparative clinical trial of the 2 products.
Patients and methods: A randomized, open-label, 2-way crossover, single-dose Phase I study was conducted for 56 healthy subjects. After a 5 and 10 μg/kg single subcutaneous administration of test and reference product, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters (absolute neutrophil count and CD34+ cell count) were compared. During the study, safety tests and adverse event monitoring were performed.
Results: The test and the reference products had a comparable pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and safety profile. In both 5 and 10 μg/kg dosing, the 90% CIs of the test to reference ratio for primary parameters (peak plasma concentration and area under the plasma concentration vs time curve from time 0 extrapolated to the infinite time for plasma filgrastim concentration; maximal effect and area under the time-effect curve from time 0 to time of the last quantifiable effect for absolute neutrophil count) were within the 0.8–1.25 range. In addition, safety profiles between the 2 products were similar without any serious adverse events.
Conclusion: This study has provided firm clinical evidence that the test filgrastim product is similar to its reference filgrastim product.
Keywords: bioequivalence, biosimilar, G-CSF, biologics
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]