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Combination of Multiple Hemodialysis Modes: Better Treatment Options for Patients Under Maintenance Hemodialysis

Authors Zhang ZY, Li MX, Yu H, Zhao J, Xiao FL, Xuan F, Zhao YX

Received 21 October 2020

Accepted for publication 28 December 2020

Published 29 January 2021 Volume 2021:17 Pages 127—133

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S288023

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang


Zhi-Yong Zhang, Ming-Xu Li, Hai Yu, Jun Zhao, Feng-Lin Xiao, Fang Xuan, Yi-Xin Zhao

Department of Nephrology, The Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Ming-Xu Li
Department of Nephrology, The Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, No. 6 Fucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100048, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-18600310159
Email lmx1964bw@sina.com

Purpose: Chronic renal failure has become a major public health concern and treatment strategies are urgently needed. We aimed to investigate whether combination of hemodialysis modes was superior to regular hemodialysis for patients under maintenance hemodialysis.
Patients and Methods: A total of 144 patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF) were enrolled in this single-center retrospective study. Patients received regular hemodialysis (HD) were included in HD group (n=52), patients received regular HD plus hemodiafiltration (HDF) in HD/HDF group (n=47), patients received the combination of regular HD, HDF and hemoperfusion (HP) in HD/HDF/HP group (n=45). After 1-month and 24-months treatment, therapeutic effects were assessed in terms of nutritional status, control of complications, dialysis adequacy, mean arterial pressure (MAP), infection rate and living quality.
Results: When patients received 1-month treatment, there were no statistically significant differences among three groups. After 24-months treatment, patients in HD/HDF and HD/HDF/HP group presented with better dialysis adequacy, lower MAP and infection rate, higher serum albumin, hemoglobin and calcium levels, lower serum phosphorus and intact parathyroid hormone levels, lower incidence of malnutrition and the Hamilton Depression Scale score, higher the Barthel Index score than HD group (P< 0.05). The levels of calcium, phosphorus and intact parathyroid hormone in HD/HDF/HP group were lower than those in HD/HDF group (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Our finding highly indicated that combination of hemodialysis modes was superior to regular HD for patients with ESRF in nutritional status, control of complications, dialysis adequacy, and living quality.

Keywords: maintenance hemodialysis, hemodialysis, hemodiafiltration, hemoperfusion, end-stage renal failure

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