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Co-expression of periostin and EGFR in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and their prognostic significance

Authors Jia W, Wang W, Ji C, Niu J, Lv Y, Zhou H, Hu B

Received 22 April 2016

Accepted for publication 30 June 2016

Published 18 August 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 5133—5142

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S111132

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jianmin Xu


Wei Jia,1 Wei Wang,1 Chu-shu Ji,1 Jun-yang Niu,2 Ya-jing Lv,1 Hang-cheng Zhou,2 Bing Hu1

1Department of Medical Oncology, 2Department of Pathology, Anhui Provincial Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China

Background: Both periostin (PN) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) can predict the prognosis of several carcinomas alone. However, coexpression of PN and EGFR in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) still remains unknown. We aimed to clarify their relationship with clinicopathological factors and prognostic significance of their coexpression in ESCC.
Patients and methods:
In this single-center retrospective study, immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the expression of PN and EGFR in ESCC and paracarcinomatous tissues of 83 patients. The quantitative expression levels of PN and EGFR were examined in two ESCC and tumor-adjacent tissues. The levels of PN and EGFR expression were correlated with clinicopathological parameters by the χ2 or Kruskal–Wallis method. Spearman’s rank correlation test was performed to determine the relationship between PN and EGFR expression levels. Kaplan–Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to detect the prognostic factors of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).
Results: The high expression of PN protein in ESCC tissues was significantly associated with tumor length (P=0.044), differentiation grade (P=0.003), venous invasion (P=0.010), invasion depth (P=0.007), lymphatic metastasis (P=0.000), and tumor stage (P=0.000). The high expression of EGFR protein in ESCC tissues was only significantly related to lymphatic metastasis (P=0.000), invasion depth (P=0.022), and tumor stage (P=0.000). Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that high expression of PN was closely correlated to reduced OS (P=0.000) and DFS (P=0.000), which was consistent with EGFR expression. Cox regression analysis identified PN and EGFR as independent poor prognostic factors of OS and DFS in the ESCC patients (P<0.05). Moreover, the risk of death for the ESCC patients with low expression of two biomarkers and high expression of single biomarker was 0.243 times (P=0.000) and 0.503 times (P=0.030), respectively, than that for patients with high expression of two biomarkers.
Conclusion: PN and EGFR are related to miscellaneous clinicopathologic characteristics. Coexpression of PN and EGFR is more closely to be of predictive value on ESCC development and progression, which may offer a novel and potential target strategy for ESCC treatment in the future.

Keywords:
esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, periostin, epidermal growth factor receptor, prognosis

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