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Clinical Practice Status of Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy for Early-Stage Breast Cancer Patients in China: A Multicenter Study

Authors Zhang J, Wang T, Yan C, Huang M, Fan Z, Ling R

Received 27 May 2020

Accepted for publication 27 July 2020

Published 1 September 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 917—924

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S264349

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Vera Ehrenstein


Juliang Zhang,1,* Ting Wang,1,* Changjiao Yan,1 Meiling Huang,1 Zhimin Fan,2 Rui Ling2

1Department of Thyroid, Breast and Vascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710032, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Rui Ling; Zhimin Fan Email lingruiaoxue@126.com; fanzhimn@163.com

Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) was introduced over 30 years ago, but the application of SLNB in China is unclear. This study aimed to explore the real-world implementation of SLNB among early-stage breast cancer patients in China.
Methods: A multi-center, retrospective study was conducted among primary breast cancer patients from 37 hospitals in China in 2018. Their clinical data were collected and analyzed, including the implementation status of SLNB in China, subsequent processing of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) containing metastases, and the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on SLNB.
Results: SLNB surgery was performed on 43.5% of early-stage breast cancer patients in China and 11,942 patients who underwent SLNB were enrolled in this study. The majority of SLNBs were performed using a single mapping agent. A combination of blue dye and radiotracer or fluorescence imaging was used in only 14.9% of patients. The mean (SD) number of resected SLNs was 4.0 (2.1). For the patients with 1 or 2 positive SLNs, 83.0% of them continued to receive axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), while others did not. For the patients with three or more positive SLNs, 97.2% of them continued to receive ALND, among which 82.9% accepted radiotherapy simultaneously. Of the patients who underwent SLN surgery, 5.5% (654/11,942) were receiving NAC. Among them, 51.9% received SLNB before NAC, and the rest received SLNB after NAC. In biopsy-proven positive nodes, 64.7% positive SLNs turned negative after NAC.
Conclusion: SLNB has been promoted in China, but it is not widely used compared to in developed countries. Furthermore, the usage of the dual tracer technique in SLNB is not high. Chinese breast surgeons are more conservative regarding the omission of ALND in 1 or 2 SLNs-positive patients.

Keywords: sentinel lymph node, early-stage breast cancer, real word data

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