Clinical and molecular genetic features of Hb H and AE Bart’s diseases in central Thai children
Received 30 December 2017
Accepted for publication 10 February 2018
Published 3 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 23—30
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Martin H. Maurer
Chanchai Traivaree,1,* Boonchai Boonyawat,2,* Chalinee Monsereenusorn,1 Piya Rujkijyanont,1 Apichat Photia1
1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: α-Thalassemia, one of the major thalassemia types in Thailand, is caused by either deletion or non-deletional mutation of one or both α-globin genes. Inactivation of three α-globin genes causes hemoglobin H (Hb H) disease, and the combination of Hb H disease with heterozygous hemoglobin E (Hb E) results in AE Bart’s disease.
Objective: This study aimed to characterize the clinical and hematological manifestations of 76 pediatric patients with Hb H and AE Bart’s diseases treated at Phramongkutklao Hospital, a tertiary care center for thalassemia patients in central Thailand.
Patients and methods: Seventy-six unrelated pediatric patients, 58 patients with Hb H disease and 18 patients with AE Bart’s disease, were enrolled in this study. Their clinical presentations, transfusion requirement, laboratory findings, and mutation analysis were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.
Results: A total of 76 pediatric patients with Hb H and AE Bart’s diseases who mainly lived in central Thailand were included in this study. The clinical severities of patients with non-deletional mutations were more severe than those with deletional mutations. Eighty-six percent of patients with non-deletional AE Bart’s disease required more blood transfusion compared to 12.5% of patients with deletional AE Bart’s disease. Non-deletional AE Bart’s disease also had a history of urgent blood transfusion with the average of 6±0.9 times compared to 1±0.3 times in patients with deletional Hb H disease. The difference was statistically significant.
Conclusion: This study revealed the differences in clinical spectrum between patients with Hb H disease and those with AE Bart’s disease in central Thailand. The differentiation of α-thalassemia is essential for appropriate management of patients. The molecular diagnosis is useful for diagnostic confirmation and genotype–phenotype correlation.
Keywords: genotype, phenotype, Hb H disease, AE Bart’s disease, Thai children
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]