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Circular RNA Circ_0006282 Promotes Cell Proliferation and Metastasis in Gastric Cancer by Regulating MicroRNA-144-5p/Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/Tryptophan 5-Monooxygenase Activation Protein β Axis

Authors Hua Y, Wang H, Wang H, Wu X, Yang L, Wang C, Li X, Jin Y, Li M, Wang L, Dong C, Yin F

Received 25 September 2020

Accepted for publication 8 January 2021

Published 27 January 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 815—827

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S283952

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ahmet Emre Eşkazan


Yunqi Hua,1,* Hailong Wang,2,* Haizhen Wang,3 Xiangming Wu,4 Li Yang,5 Chenlin Wang,1 Xi Li,1 Yunjian Jin,1 Min Li,1 Lina Wang,1 Changcheng Dong,6 Fangrui Yin7

1Department of Digestive Oncology, Baotou Cancer Hospital, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Digestive Minimally Invasive Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China; 3Center of Digestive Endoscopy, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of General Surgery, The Fourth Hospital of Baotou, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Pathology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of General Surgery, Inner Mongolia Baogang Hospital, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China; 7Department of Central Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Changcheng Dong
Department of General Surgery, Inner Mongolia Baogang Hospital, No. 20 Shaoxian Road, Kundulun District, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 472-5992765
Email crqrmhj@163.com
Fangrui Yin
Department of Central Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, No. 41 Linyin Road, Kundulun District, Baotou, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 472-2178425
Email ttdwdsn@163.com

Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs which function as novel regulators in human cancers. In this study, we aimed to investigate the functional roles and related molecular mechanisms of circ_0006282 in gastric cancer (GC) progression.
Methods: Fifty-five GC patients were enrolled in this study. GC cells (AGS and HGC-27) and normal cells (GES-1) were cultured in RPMI1640 added with 10% FBS and 1% penicillin-streptomycin. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay was used to determine the expression levels of circ_0006282, transcription elongation factor B subunit 1 (TCEB1) mRNA, miR-144-5p and tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein β (YWHAB; also known as 14-3-3β). RNase R assay was used to determine the characteristic of circ_0006282. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and colony formation assay were employed for cell proliferation. Transwell assay was conducted for cell migration and invasion. Western blot assay was carried out to measure the protein levels of Cyclin D1, matrix metalloprotein 9 (MMP9) and YWHAB. Dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA pull-down assay and RIP assay were adopted to analyze the interaction between miR-144-5p and circ_0006282 or YWHAB. Murine xenograft model assay was performed to explore the function of circ_0006282 in vivo.
Results: Circ_0006282 level was increased in GC tissues and cells compared to normal tissues and cells. Silencing of circ_0006282 restrained GC cell proliferation, migration and invasion. For mechanism analysis, circ_0006282 was identified to function as the sponge for miR-144-5p to positively regulate YWHAB expression in GC cells. Moreover, miR-144-5p inhibition or YWHAB overexpression effectively reversed the impacts of circ_0006282 knockdown on GC cell growth and motility. Additionally, circ_0006282 knockdown blocked tumor growth of GC in vivo.
Conclusion: Circ_0006282 facilitated the malignant behaviors of GC cells through circ_0006282/miR-144-5p/YWHAB axis.

Keywords: gastric cancer, circ_0006282, miR-144-5p, YWHAB

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