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Characterizations of Ischemic Stroke Complications in Cardiac Myxoma Patients at a Single Institution in Eastern China

Authors Zhang Y, Ye Z, Fu Y, Zhang Z, Ye Q, Chen F, Cheng J

Received 11 September 2020

Accepted for publication 24 December 2020

Published 7 January 2021 Volume 2021:17 Pages 33—40

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S280641

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jun Chen


Yanlei Zhang,1 Zusen Ye,1 Yun Fu,2 Zheng Zhang,1 Qiang Ye,1 Feichi Chen,1 Jianhua Cheng1

1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province 325000, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Cardiac Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province 325000, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Jianhua Cheng
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Nanbaixiang, Ouhai District, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 577 55579365
Fax +86 577 55578999
Email chengjianhua@wmu.edu.cn

Background: Cardiac myxoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor. Even though it rarely causes a stroke, it is an important risk factor. Here, we compared our clinical experience in managing myxoma patients who developed stroke complications with those who did not present with this condition at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University.
Patients and Methods: The medical records were reviewed of 160 cardiac myxoma patients who were treated in our facility from January 2006 to December 2019. They were separated into either a stroke group or non-stroke group.
Results: Cardiac obstructive symptoms, embolic events and constitutional symptoms were observed in 92 (57.7%), 25 (15.6%) and 18 (11.2%) patients, respectively. Among 23 cardiac myxoma ischemic stroke patients, hypoesthesia (60.9%), hemiparesis (56.5%) and facial paresis (47.8%) were the three most common neurological symptoms. The middle cerebral artery (82.6%) was the most commonly affected vessel, whereas 73.9% of the ischemic patients had multiple stroke lesions. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that coronary heart disease and tumor sizes were independently associated in the stroke group (p < 0.05). The 10 years cumulative survival rate was 87.9% for all patients after surgical intervention. There was no significant difference in the 10 years cumulative survival rate between the two groups (80.0% vs 88.9%, p =0.274 > 0.05).
Conclusion: The three most common neurological symptoms (hypoesthesia, hemiparesis and facial paresis), the middle cerebral artery and multiple lesions involvements were the definitive markers of patients afflicted with cardiac myxoma stroke. Small tumor sizes were independently associated with these patients. Surgical resection is a relatively safe procedure for treating both the stroke and non-stroke patients.

Keywords: cardiac myxoma, embolic complication, ischemic stroke, surgery

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