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Characterization of an IMP-4-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST1873 Strain Recovered from an Infant with a Bloodstream Infection in China

Authors Xu J, Lin W, Chen Y, He F

Received 26 January 2020

Accepted for publication 23 February 2020

Published 9 March 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 773—779


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sahil Khanna

Juan Xu, 1,* Wenping Lin, 2,* Yanmin Chen, 3 Fang He 3

1Institute of Hygiene, Zhejiang Academy of Medical Sciences, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310013, People’s Republic of China; 2Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Ningbo, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315010, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Fang He Tel/Fax +86-571-8821-5596

Purpose: Imipenemase (IMP), an Ambler class B metallo-β-lactamase, is an important carbapenemase that confers resistance to almost all β-lactams. In this study, we characterized the genomic feature of an IMP-4-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST1873 strain, a rare sequence type (ST) isolated from an infant with a bloodstream infection in China.
Patients and Methods: K. pneumoniae strain, BKP19, was collected from a bloodstream infection in an infant who was hospitalized at the department of paediatrics. The whole genome sequence of the strain was sequenced using the Illumina NovaSeq 6000 platform and long-read MinION sequencer. Multilocus sequence typing, antimicrobial resistance gene identification, plasmid and phylogenetic relationship analysis of the strain were analysed by various bioinformatics approaches.
Results: K. pneumoniae BKP19 was resistant to multiple antimicrobials, including carbapenems. Eleven antimicrobial resistance genes corresponding to beta-lactam resistance, quinolone resistance, phenicol resistance and fosfomycin resistance could be identified in the genome. The carbapenem resistance gene blaIMP-4 was located in an IS26-associated class 1 integron of an IncN-type plasmid with 39,033 bp (pIMP-4-BKP19). Sequence alignment revealed that pIMP-4-BKP19 is closely related to the common plasmid carrying IMP-4 in K. pneumoniae (pIMP-HZ1-like plasmid) but is smaller, lacking the quinolone resistance gene qnrS1 and multiple tra gene orthologs. Conjugation experiment revealed that pIMP-4-BKP19 is a non-conjugative plasmid. According to in silico MLST analysis, K. pneumoniae strain BKP19 belongs to a sporadic clone ST1873.
Conclusion: In summary, our study reports the first genome sequence of a K. pneumoniae ST1873 strain harbouring the class B β-lactamase blaIMP-4 in an IncN-type plasmid recovered from an infant with a bloodstream infection in China. Considering the global emergence of IMP-4 carbapenemase, more attention must be paid to prevent its future prevalence.

Keywords: Klebsiella pneumoniae, blaIMP-4, IncN plasmid, ST1873, bloodstream infection

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