CD44 is overexpressed and correlated with tumor progression in gallbladder cancer
Received 29 May 2018
Accepted for publication 10 August 2018
Published 24 September 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 3857—3865
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Kenan Onel
Yuting He,1,2,* Chen Xue,1,2,* Yan Yu,1,2 Jianan Chen,1,2 Xiaolong Chen,1,2 Fang Ren,2 Zhigang Ren,1,2 Guangying Cui,1,2 Ranran Sun1,2
1Precision Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, China; 2Key Laboratory of Clinical Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a highly lethal disease and the most common biliary tract malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Accumulating evidence indicates that cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) is overexpressed in several malignancies and has a crucial role in the development of cancer. However, its expression and function in GBC are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore CD44 expression and its role in GBC.
Materials and methods: The expression of CD44 was measured by immunohistochemistry. Tissue microarray analysis was used to confirm the relationship between CD44 expression and clinical outcomes of GBC patients. EDU assay, colony formation assay, cell migration and invasion assay were performed to detect the functions of CD44 in GBC-SD and NOZ transfected with si-RNA.
Results: CD44 was overexpressed and associated with poor outcomes in GBC patients. The univariate and multivariate analyses confirmed that elevated CD44 was an independent prognostic factor for the OS of GBC patients. Silencing CD44 could suppress the GBC cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro, as well as attenuated cancer stem cell functions.
Conclusion: CD44 markedly correlated with aggressive tumor behaviors and contributed to the progression of GBC, which could represent a novel prognostic marker and potential therapeutic target for GBC patients.
Keywords: CD44, gallbladder cancer, cancer stem cells, tumor progression
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