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Cardiovascular health status among Australian adults

Authors Peng Y, Wang Z

Received 1 November 2017

Accepted for publication 28 December 2017

Published 24 January 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 167—178

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S155783

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Vera Ehrenstein


Yang Peng, Zhiqiang Wang

Centre for Chronic Disease, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

Background: The American Heart Association (AHA) committee recently set a guideline to define and monitor the cardiovascular health status. This study aimed to estimate cardiovascular health status among Australian adults using the guideline.
Methods: We used data from a nationally representative sample of 7499 adults (age ≥18 years) from 2011 to 2012 Australian Health Survey. We applied the modified AHA’s definition to estimate the ideal proportions of the seven metrics and the overall cardiovascular health status.
Results: Ideal status was most prevalent for fasting plasma glucose (83.6%) and least observed for dietary pattern (4.8%). The estimated percentage of ideal cardiovascular health was 0.15% in Australian adults. An estimated 0.52% of Australian adults had all four ideal cardiovascular health factors, and 16.38% had all four ideal cardiovascular health behaviors. There exist some age and sex variations for the ideal status of individual metric and the overall cardiovascular health.
Conclusion: The percentage of ideal cardiovascular health in Australian adults is extremely low. Public health policies should be implemented to improve the population-wide cardiovascular health status in Australia.

Keywords: cardiovascular health, Australian adults, cross-sectional study, risk factors
 

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