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c.259A>C in the fibrinogen gene of alpha chain (FGA) is a fibrinogen with thrombotic phenotype

Authors Salomon O, Barel O, Eyal E, Shnerb Ganor R, Kleinbaum Y, Shohat M

Received 12 October 2018

Accepted for publication 7 January 2019

Published 28 February 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 27—33

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TACG.S190599

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Martin H. Maurer


Ophira Salomon,1 Ortal Barel,2 Eran Eyal,2 Reut Shnerb Ganor,3 Yeroham Kleinbaum,4 Mordechai Shohat2

1Institute of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Sheba Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; 2Cancer Research Center, Wohl Institute of Translational Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; 3The Bert W. Strassburger Lipid Center, Sheba Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; 4Diagnostic Imaging, Department of Radiology, Sheba Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Introduction: Dysfibrinogenemia is a rare inherited disease that results from mutation in one of the three fibrinogen genes. Diagnosis can be misleading since it may present as a bleeding tendency or thrombosis and a specific coagulation test for diagnosis is not routinely available
Aim: To search for a new candidate gene of thrombophilia in a family with three generations of arterial and venous thrombosis.
Methods: Whole exome sequencing followed by Sanger validation and segregation analysis was carried out. In addition, structural modeling was performed. Screening for thrombophilia along with blood counts, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin, thrombin, reptilase time, and fibrinogen was done in each patient.
Results and discussion: A missense c.259A>C, p.K87Q (g.chr4: 155510050A-C) (rs764281241) in FGA gene was found in all three siblings without any other known thrombophilia marker to explain thrombosis in all three siblings. It is expected to be damaging by six out of seven prediction programs and is very rare in the entire population with Exac=0.000008.
Conclusion: The occurrence of the c.259A>C mutation in FGA may well explain the thrombosis phenotype of the affected family and is suggested as a new marker for thrombophilia phenotype.

Keywords: dysfibrinogenemia, thrombophilia, thrombosis, exome sequencing, structural modeling

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