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β-Elemene treatment of glioblastoma: a single-center retrospective study

Authors Ma C, Zhou W, Yan Z, Qu M, Bu X

Received 27 August 2016

Accepted for publication 1 October 2016

Published 12 December 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 7521—7526


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Samir Farghaly

Chunxiao Ma, Wei Zhou, Zhaoyue Yan, Mingqi Qu, Xingyao Bu

Department of Neurosurgery, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, Zhengzhou, People’s Republic of China

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignancy in the central nervous system. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of β-elemene (ELE) treatment in patients with newly diagnosed GBM who received concomitant chemoradiotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy with temozolomide. Our results indicated that compared with control, patients who received ELE showed significantly longer median progression-free survival (PFS) (8 months vs 11 months; P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (18 months vs 21 months; P<0.001). Despite the O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status, ELE treatment could significantly prolong the PFS (P=0.038) and OS (P=0.016). In multivariate analysis, ELE was a significant prognostic factor for PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.34; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.15–0.62; P=0.011) and OS (HR, 0.31; 95% CI: 0.14–0.69; P=0.006). Furthermore, ELE could significantly reduce the hematologic toxicities induced by chemoradiotherapy. In conclusion, ELE might provide a survival benefit in patients with GBM. Further study for verification might be needed.

Keywords: glioblastoma, chemoradiotherapy, temozolomide, β-elemene

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