Benefit of hospital pharmacy intervention on the current status of dry powder inhaler technique in patients with asthma and COPD: a study from the Central Development Region, Nepal
Received 7 August 2016
Accepted for publication 14 November 2016
Published 20 December 2016 Volume 2017:6 Pages 7—13
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Jonathan Ling
Ramesh Sharma Poudel,1 Rano Mal Piryani,2 Shakti Shrestha,3 Aastha Prajapati1
1Hospital Pharmacy, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, 3Department of Pharmacy, Shree Medical and Technical College, Chitwan, Nepal
Background: The majority of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been known to perform inhaler technique inadequately. We aimed to evaluate the benefit of hospital pharmacy intervention on the current status of dry powder inhaler (Rotahaler®) technique in such patients and the factors associated with the correct use.
Methods: A pre–post interventional study was conducted at the outpatient pharmacy in a teaching hospital of the Central Development Region, Nepal, in patients with asthma and COPD currently using a Rotahaler device. Patients’ demographics and Rotahaler technique were assessed before intervention. Those who failed to demonstrate the correct technique were educated and trained by the pharmacist, and their technique was reassessed after 2 weeks of intervention. Descriptive statistics, including Wilcoxon signed rank test, Mann–Whitney U test, Spearman’s correlations and Kruskal–Wallis test, were performed for statistical analysis.
Results: Before intervention, only 5.7% (10 of 174) of the patients demonstrated the correct Rotahaler technique and the most common errors observed were failure to breathe out gently before inhalation (98.8%) and failure to hold breath for about 10 seconds after inhalation (84.8%). After the intervention (n=164), 67.1% of the patients showed their technique correctly (p≤0.001) and failure to breathe out gently before inhalation was the most common error (27.44%). Age (p=0.003), previous instruction (p=0.007), patient’s education level (p=0.013) and source of instruction (p<0.001) were associated with an appropriate technique before intervention, while age (p=0.024), duration of therapy (p=0.010) and gender (p=0.008) were the factors correlated with correct usage after intervention.
Conclusion: The current status of Rotahaler technique is inadequate in patients with asthma and COPD attending the Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital in the Central Development Region, Nepal. However, a single hospital pharmacy intervention can significantly improve the correct use of the technique, highlighting the role of hospital pharmacies in the improvement of inhaler technique.
Keywords: asthma, COPD, intervention, Nepal, pharmacy, pharmacist, Rotahaler
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