Attitudes and beliefs related to reporting alcohol consumption in research studies: a case from Jordan
Received 29 April 2018
Accepted for publication 23 August 2018
Published 9 October 2018 Volume 2018:9 Pages 55—61
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor David Price
Farah H Alhashimi,1 Omar F Khabour,1 Karem H Alzoubi,2 Samah F Al-shatnawi2
1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
Background: Acceptability of alcohol consumption varies wildly across cultures. Several factors such as religious beliefs and social desirability might influence reporting of such behaviors to researchers during relevant investigations.
Aims: This study aimed at assessing reporting of alcohol consumption during participation in research studies in Jordan, and identifying potential reasons and ethical challenges associated with reporting this behavior.
Subjects and methods: A sample of 400 Jordanians was anonymously surveyed regarding alcohol consumption reporting.
Results: The study showed a tendency of not reporting alcohol consumption in research (56.8%). Religious belief and trust issues regarding reporting sensitive information during participation in research were significantly the main reasons of not reporting alcohol drinking (P<0.05), while social shame effect was limited to rural areas (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Raising Jordanians’ awareness of benefits of reporting alcohol consumption is highly recommended. Improving confidence in privacy and data confidentiality among Jordanians might help in improving the level of reporting during participation in research.
Keywords: ethics, alcohol consumption, reporting, culture, privacy and confidentiality, Jordan
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