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Association of genetic polymorphisms with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Hainan population: a case-control study

Authors Yipeng Ding, Yang D, Xun X, Wang Z, Sun P, Xu D, He P, Niu H, Jin T

Received 21 August 2014

Accepted for publication 20 October 2014

Published 17 December 2014 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 7—13


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Yipeng Ding,1,* Danlei Yang,2,* Xiaojie Xun,3 Zhifeng Wang,4 Pei Sun,1 Dongchuan Xu,1 Ping He,1 Huan Niu,1 Tianbo Jin3,5

1Department of Emergency, People’s Hospital of Hainan Province, Haikou, Hainan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Respiration, People’s Hospital of Qionghai, Qionghai, Hainan, People’s Republic of China; 5National Engineering Research Center for Miniaturized Detection Systems, Xi'an, People’s Republic of China

*The authors are joint first authors

Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is predicted to become the third most common cause of death and the fifth most common cause of disability in the world by 2020. Recently, variants in the hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1A), cholinergic receptor, neuronal nicotinic, alpha polypeptide-5, and iron-responsive element-binding protein 2 gene (IREB2) genes were found to be associated with COPD. This study aims to identify whether the variations in these genes are related to COPD in the Hainan population of the People’s Republic of China.
Patients and methods: We genotyped 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms in a case-control study with 200 COPD cases and 401 controls from Hainan, People’s Republic of China. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using the chi-squared (Χ2) test, genetic model analysis, haplotype analysis, and stratification analysis.
Results: In the genetic model analysis, we found that the genotype T/T of rs13180 of IREB2 decreased the COPD risk by 0.52-fold (P=0.025). But in the further stratification analysis, we failed to find the association between the selected single nucleotide polymorphisms with COPD risk in Han population. In addition, the haplotype analysis of HIF1A gene also was not found to be the possible haplotype associated with COPD risk.
Conclusion: Our results support that IREB2 rs13180 is associated with COPD in Hainan population. And this is the first time the HIF1A polymorphisms in COPD in a Chinese population has been reported, although we failed to find any significant result.

Keywords: single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), IREB2, HIF1A

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