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Assessing the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism – a practical approach

Authors Fahrni J, Husmann M, Gretener SB, Keo HH

Received 28 February 2015

Accepted for publication 13 May 2015

Published 17 August 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 451—459

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S83718

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Daniel Duprez


Jennifer Fahrni,1 Marc Husmann,2 Silvia B Gretener,3 Hong H Keo1

1Division of Angiology, Medical University Clinic, Kantonsspital Aarau AG, Aarau, Switzerland; 2Clinic for Angiology, University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland; 3Clinic for Angiology Oberaargau, Langenthal, Switzerland

Abstract: Recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This risk is lowered by anticoagulation, with a large effect in the initial phase following the venous thromboembolic event, and with a smaller effect in terms of secondary prevention of recurrence when extended anticoagulation is performed. On the other hand, extended anticoagulation is associated with an increased risk of major bleeding and thus leads to morbidity and mortality. Therefore, it is necessary to assess the risk of recurrence for VTE on an individual basis, and a recommendation for secondary prophylaxis should be specifically based on risk calculation of recurrence of VTE and bleeding. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary of relevant risk factors for recurrent VTE and a practical approach for assessing the risk of recurrence in daily practice.

Keywords: thrombosis, hemorrhage, risk assessment
 

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