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Assessing staff awareness and effectiveness of educational training on IT security and privacy in a large healthcare organization

Authors Arain MA, Tarraf R, Ahmad A

Received 9 August 2018

Accepted for publication 1 October 2018

Published 9 January 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 73—81

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S183275

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Mubashir Aslam Arain, Rima Tarraf, Armghan Ahmad

Health Systems Evaluation and Evidence, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, AB, Canada

Background: The increased use of health information systems and information technology (IT) in healthcare heightens the risk of security and privacy breaches. Necessary measures such as effective IT training and education are required to meet the challenges of protecting patient information.
Purpose: The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of existing educational and awareness modules in delivering the key messages around IT security and privacy.
Methods: The study was conducted in a large healthcare organization in Western Canada from September 2016 to March 2017. Using proportionate stratified random sampling, an online survey was distributed to all professional groups including clinical and non-clinical staff. In total, 586 participants responded to questions pertaining to whether or not they were aware of the IT education material, common potential breaches, and knowledge in preventing IT security and privacy breaches. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 19.
Results: The study found that most of the participants (80.9%) completed the online IT training. Staff perceived the online training as effective (57.5%). There was a significant positive correlation between staff perception about the effectiveness of IT security educational material and satisfaction with IT security in the organization (r=0.34, P<0.01). Those who completed the training were 4.2-times (CI=2.0–8.8) more likely to correctly report the action upon receiving spam emails than those who had not completed the training. The most common type of breach stated was not knowing how to encrypt emails when sending emails outside the organization. Only a small proportion of clinical (25.5%) and non-clinical staff (30.4%) reported knowing how to encrypt emails. Also, participants identified various strategies for improving the module content and compliance.
Conclusion: Online training provides a basic understanding of IT security and privacy concepts to prevent potential breaches. The training should be an integral part of healthcare staff continuing education to protect patient information.

Keywords:
IT security modules, privacy in healthcare, healthcare staff and IT breaches, information storage & retrieval, IT security & privacy, computerized medical records system

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