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Village health worker training for complications of labor and delivery in rural Maharashtra, India

Authors Peterson W, Deonandan R, Arole S, Premkumar R

Received 27 February 2014

Accepted for publication 16 April 2014

Published 19 June 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 295—301


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Wynn Peterson,1 Raywat Deonandan,1 Shobha Arole,2 Ramaswamy Premkumar2

1Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 2Comprehensive Rural Health Project, Jamkhed, Maharashtra, India

Background: By analyzing the perspectives of village health worker/trainers with the Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP), this study aimed to investigate their level of knowledge of treatment, risks, and prevention of complications of labor and delivery and to evaluate current teaching methods.
Methods: Three focus groups of six village health workers/trainers were conducted and divided according to level of experience. The resulting semistructured discussion was analyzed according to grounded theory.
Results: Participants displayed strong content retention with respect to clinically relevant knowledge. Village health workers experienced barriers, including lack of education and casteism, which affected their ability to establish trust in the community. Clinical observation was perceived to be the most effective learning method and is recommended for teaching village health workers about the treatment and prevention of the complications of labor and delivery.
Conclusion: When implementing this training model in comparable global communities, local culture and its impact on establishing trust is an important factor to consider.

Keywords: postpartum hemorrhage, rural health, women's health, village health workers, village health worker training, India

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