Antistress effects of Kampo medicine "Yokukansan" via regulation of orexin secretion
Received 4 December 2016
Accepted for publication 16 January 2017
Published 20 March 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 863—872
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Taro Kishi
Haruto Katahira,1 Masataka Sunagawa,1 Daishi Watanabe,1,2 Yasuaki Kanada,1,3 Ayami Katayama,1 Risa Yamauchi,1 Masashi Takashima,4 Shintaro Ishikawa,1 Tadashi Hisamitsu1
1Department of Physiology, 2Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Showa University, 3Department of Surgery, Showa University Koto Toyosu Hospital, Tokyo, 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan
Objective: Various stressors induce stress responses through the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal and the sympathetic–adrenal–medullary axes, which are regulated, in part, by orexin. For example, secretion of orexin in the hypothalamus is increased in rats exposed to the stress of social isolation for 1 week. In this study, the antistress effects of Kampo medicine Yokukansan (YKS) via the regulation of orexin secretion were investigated using a rat model.
Methods and results: The administration of 300 mg/kg per day of YKS to rats for 1 week significantly decreased the plasma orexin levels compared with non-treated rats, whereas the administration of 1,000 mg/kg of YKS had no effect on orexin levels. Therefore, 300 mg/kg of YKS was an effective dose for controlling orexin secretion. Subsequently, rats were divided into group-housed control (Con), individually housed stress (Stress), and individually housed YKS (300 mg/kg)-treated stress (Stress + YKS) groups. After 1 week, a resident–intruder aggression test was performed, and the plasma levels of orexin and corticosterone were measured. In the Stress group, aggressive behavior and the levels of corticosterone and orexin significantly increased compared with the Con group; however, these effects were inhibited in the Stress + YKS group. Further, an orexin receptor antagonist (TCS 1102; 10 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered to rats exposed to isolation stress to determine whether orexin was involved in stress responses. Under these conditions, aggressive behavior and the level of corticosterone significantly decreased compared with the Stress group.
Conclusion: These results suggest that orexin is involved in the control of stress response and that YKS exerts an antistress effect via the regulation of orexin secretion.
Keywords: Yokukansan, orexin, antistress effect, social isolation stress, corticosterone, aggressive behavior
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