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Antimicrobial Resistance and Resistance Determinant Insights into Multi-Drug Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria Isolates from Paediatric Patients in China

Authors Patil S, Chen H, Zhang X, Lian M, Ren PG, Wen F

Received 18 July 2019

Accepted for publication 17 October 2019

Published 22 November 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 3625—3634


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Joachim Wink

Sandip Patil,1,2 Hongyu Chen,2 Xiaoli Zhang,2 Ma Lian,2 Pei-Gen Ren,1 Feiqiu Wen2

1Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Shenzhen Children’s Hospital, Futian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Feiqiu Wen
Shenzhen Children’s Hospital, 7019 Yitian Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province 518038, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 18938690333
Fax +86-755 83009888
Email [email protected]

Introduction: The emergence of multi-drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) is a concern in China and globally. This study investigated antimicrobial resistance traits and resistance determinant detection in GNB isolates from paediatric patients in China.
Methods: In the present study, a total of 170 isolates of GNB including the most prevalent Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii were collected from Shenzhen Children’s Hospital, China. ESBLs production was confirmed by using the combination disc diffusion method, and carbapenemase production was confirmed by using a carbapenem inactivation method followed by antimicrobial susceptibility. In addition, β-lactamase-encoding genes and co-existence of plasmid-borne colistin resistance mcr-1 gene were determined by PCR and sequencing.
Results: Overall, 170 etiological agents (GNB) were recovered from 158 paediatric patients. The most prevalent species was E. coli 40% (n=68), followed by K. pneumoniae 17.64% (n=30), and Enterobacter cloacae 14.11% (n=24). Of 170 GNB, 71.76% (n=122) were multi-drug-resistant, 12.35% (n=21) extreme-drug resistant, and 7.64% (n=13) single-drug-resistant, while 8.23% (n=14) were sensitive to all of the studied antibiotics. The prevalence of ESBLs and carbapenemase producers were 60% and 17%, respectively. blaCTX-M was the most prevalent resistance gene (59.42%), followed by blaTEM (41.17%), blaSHV (34.270%), blaKPC (34.11%), blaOXA-48 (18.82%) and blaNDM-1 (17.64%).
Conclusion: The present study provides insights into the linkage between the resistance patterns of GNB to commonly used antibiotics and their uses in China. The findings are useful for understanding the genetics of resistance traits and difficulty in tackling of GNB in paediatric patients.

Keywords: Gram-negative bacteria, antimicrobial susceptibility, ESBLs, carbapenemase, molecular characterization

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