Anticancer activity of the intraperitoneal-delivered DFP-10825, the cationic liposome-conjugated RNAi molecule targeting thymidylate synthase, on peritoneal disseminated ovarian cancer xenograft model
Authors Iizuka K, Jin C, Eshima K, Hong MH, Eshima K, Fukushima M
Received 9 November 2017
Accepted for publication 4 January 2018
Published 29 March 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 673—683
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Georgios D. Panos
Kenzo Iizuka, Cheng Jin, Kokoro Eshima, Mei Hua Hong, Kiyoshi Eshima, Masakazu Fukushima
Division of Research and Development, Delta-Fly Pharma Inc., Tokushima, Japan
Introduction: Peritoneal disseminated ovarian cancer is one of the most difficult cancers to treat with conventional anti-cancer drugs and the treatment options are very limited, although an intraperitoneal (ip) paclitaxel has shown some clinical benefit. Therefore, treatment of peritoneal disseminated ovarian cancer is a highly unmet medical need and it is urgent to develop a new ip delivered drug regulating the fast DNA synthesis.
Methods: We developed a unique RNAi molecule consisting of shRNA against the thymidylate synthase (TS) and a cationic liposome (DFP-10825) and tested its antitumor activity and PK profile in peritoneally disseminated human ovarian cancer ascites models by the luciferase gene-transfected SCID mice. DFP-10825 alone, paclitaxel alone or combination with DFP-10825 and paclitaxel were administered in an ip route to the tumor-bearing mice. The TS expression level was measured by conventional RT-PCR. The anti-tumor activity and host survival benefit by DFP-10825 treatment on tumor-bearing mice were observed as resulting from the specific TS mRNA knock-down in tumors.
Results: DFP-10825 alone significantly suppressed the growth of SKOV3-luc tumore ascites cells and further extended the survival time of these tumor-bearing mice. Combination with the ip paclitaxel augmented the antitumor efficacy of DFP-10825 and significantly prolonged the survival time in the tumor-bearing mice. Short-hairpin RNA for TS (TS shRNA) levels derived from DFP-10825 in the ascetic fluid were maintained at a nM range across 24 hours but not detected in the plasma, suggesting that TS shRNA is relatively stable in the peritoneal cavity, to be able to exert its anti-tumor activity, but not in blood stream, indicating little or no systemic effect.
Conclusion: Collectively, the ip delivery of DFP-10825, TS shRNA conjugated with cationic liposome, shows a favorable antitumor activity without systemic adverse events via the stable localization of TS shRNA for a sufficient time and concentration in the peritoneal cavity of the peritoneally disseminated human ovarian cancer-bearing mice.
Keywords: DFP-10825, thymidylate synthase, short-hairpin RNA, cationic liposome, ip delivery, intraperitoneal dissemination, ovarian cancer
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]