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Anterior Segment Biometry During Accommodation and Effects of Cycloplegics by Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

Authors Mitsukawa T, Suzuki Y, Momota Y, Suzuki S, Yamada M

Received 4 March 2020

Accepted for publication 21 April 2020

Published 6 May 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1237—1243


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Tadahiro Mitsukawa, Yumi Suzuki, Yosuke Momota, Shun Suzuki, Masakazu Yamada

Department of Ophthalmology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan

Correspondence: Masakazu Yamada Email

Purpose: We analyzed changes in the crystalline lens during accommodation and the effects of cycloplegics by swept-source anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).
Materials and Methods: Twenty healthy volunteers (7 males and 13 females, aged 22– 34 years), with no history of eye disease except for refractive errors, were recruited. Biometric parameters, including anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT), and anterior and posterior curvature of the lens (ACL and PCL), were measured using AS-OCT (CASIA2). The measurements were performed with or without an accommodative demand of 5.0 diopters (D). The same tests were repeated following the topical administration of 1% cyclopentolate or a compounding agent comprising 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine.
Results: The AS-OCT system was capable of simultaneous visualization of all optical components of the anterior segment in a single frame. ACD, LAC, and LPC decreased and LT increased significantly during 5.0 D accommodative stimulation in both eyes. Both cyclopentolate and tropicamide/phenylephrine eyedrops led to deeper ACD, thinner LT, and flatter LAC. There were no significant differences in all lens parameters despite having 5.0 D accommodative stimulation in both eyes with cycloplegia.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that both tropicamide/phenylephrine and cyclopentolate eyedrops have enough cycloplegic effects in young adults.

Keywords: accommodation, cycloplegics, lens, optical coherence tomography, refraction

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