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Analysis of the Spectrum and Characteristics of Pediatric Cancer Based on Hospital Information Systems in China

Authors Zhou H, Wu Z, Wang H, Yu W, Huang J, Zhou L, Yu D, Hou T, Lv Y, Chen C, Luo L, Shi J, Wang Z

Received 29 August 2020

Accepted for publication 5 January 2021

Published 11 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 1205—1214


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Huining Zhou,1,* Zhengyi Wu,1,* Hui Wang,1 Wenya Yu,1 Jiaoling Huang,1 Liang Zhou,1 Dehua Yu,2 Tianchun Hou,1 Yipeng Lv,1 Chen Chen,3 Li Luo,4 Jianwei Shi,1,5 Zhaoxin Wang1,6

1School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of General Practice, Yangpu Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Shanghai Jing‘an District Jiangning Road Community Health Service Center, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 4School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 5Shanghai General Practice and Community Health Development Research Center, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 6General Practice Center, Nanhai Hospital, Southern Medical University, Foshan, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Jianwei Shi; Zhaoxin Wang
School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 227 South Chongqing Road, Shanghai 200025, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 188 1820 9852; +86 139 1853 7473

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use the hospital information system to analyze the cancer profile and compare demographics, hospitalization, status of surgery and treatment cost of various cancer categories based on the electronic health record (EHR) of outpatient children with tumors in Shanghai, China.
Patients and Methods: Information was collected from 3834 inpatients aged 0– 18 who were diagnosed with malignant tumors in all 17 hospitals with pediatric wards in the Pudong New District of Shanghai from 2011 to 2016. All patients were classified according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer-3 (ICCC-3). The chi-squared test was used to compare demographics, hospitalization information, status of surgery and treatment cost according to inpatients’ cancer category.
Results: In both the malignant non-solid tumor and solid tumor groups, males and those aged 0– 4 years were the dominant groups. Lymphocytic leukemia was the most common cancer in all inpatients (n=994, 25.93%), and the acute myeloid leukemia had the longest length of stay of inpatients (median=26.00 days). In both the non-solid and solid tumor groups, patients who received only one type of surgery had an advantage. The highest proportion of patients who had undergone surgery was found in non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients. In terms of total cost, surgical cost and medicine cost, the expenditure of central nervous system tumor patients was the highest. Astrocytoma had the highest total cost.
Conclusion: Leukemia is common in children with cancer in Pudong and should be given attention. Because the highest financial burden falls on patients with central nervous system tumors and acute myeloid leukemias, the government should take immediate and targeted measures for these cancers in particular.

Keywords: malignant tumors, disease burden, demographics, hospitalization information, epidemiology

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