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An innovative technique for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures – vertebral osteotome with side-opening cannula

Authors He X, Liu Y, Zhang J, Jia S, Meng Y, Huang Y, Wu Q, Hao D

Received 23 March 2018

Accepted for publication 3 July 2018

Published 18 September 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 1905—1913


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval

Xin He,1 Yang Liu,2 JiaNan Zhang,1 ShuaiJun Jia,1 YiBin Meng,1 YunFei Huang,1 QiNing Wu,1 DingJun Hao1

1Department of Spine Surgery, Hong Hui Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi’an 710054, Shaan’xi Province, China; 2Department of Bone Microsurgery, Hong Hui Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi’an 710054, Shaan’xi Province, China

Objective: This study is to assess an innovative technique – a vertebral osteotome (VO) combined with side-opening injection cannula for percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).
Methods: A retrospective study by propensity score matching. From January 2016 to April 2016, 63 patients who were diagnosed with monosegmental osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture received the innovative technique. The epidemiologic data, surgical indexes, and recovery outcomes were collected in the follow-up period. Propensity score matching identified 63 pairs form historical controls by traditional unilateral PVP approach in 2015 using six independent variables: age, sex, preoperative visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), body mass index, and bone mineral density.
Results: The surgical duration and cement distribution were longer and larger in patients by VO method. Besides, postoperative VAS and ODI in the VO group were lower than those in the control group. However, there were no differences in radiation exposure times, improvement of Cobb angle, cement leakage, or adjacent vertebral fracture between two groups. Cement volume in the VO group was less than that in the control group.
Conclusion: This new innovative technique makes PVP safe and effective. Although it lasts longer, the restoration rate of vertebral height and cement distribution can be improved, which contributes to a better pain relief.

Keywords: technique, percutaneous vertebroplasty, vertebral osteotome, osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, side-opening injection cannula

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