Back to Journals » Journal of Pain Research » Volume 10

An acceptance-based intervention for children and adolescents with cancer experiencing acute pain – a single-subject study

Authors Thorsell Cederberg J, Dahl J, von Essen L, Ljungman G

Received 7 April 2017

Accepted for publication 10 August 2017

Published 6 September 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 2195—2203

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S139087

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Minal Joshi

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Katherine Hanlon

Jenny Thorsell Cederberg,1 JoAnne Dahl,2 Louise von Essen,3 Gustaf Ljungman1

1Pediatric Oncology, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, 2Department of Psychology, 3Clinical Psychology in Healthcare, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Background: Children and adolescents with cancer report pain as one of their most recurrent and troublesome symptoms throughout the cancer trajectory. Pain evokes psychological distress, which in turn has an amplifying effect on the pain experience. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced acute pain predict increased pain tolerance, decreased pain intensity and decreased discomfort of pain. The aim of this study was to preliminarily evaluate an acceptance-based intervention for children and adolescents with cancer experiencing acute pain, with regard to feasibility and effect on pain intensity and discomfort of pain.
Methods: This is a single-subject study with an AB design with a nonconcurrent multiple baseline. Children and adolescents aged four to 18 years undergoing cancer treatment at the Children’s University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden, reporting sustained acute pain were offered participation. Pain intensity and discomfort of pain were measured during baseline and at post-intervention. The intervention consisted of a pain exposure exercise lasting approximately 15 minutes.
Results: Five children participated in the study. All participants completed the intervention and reported that it had helped them to cope with the pain in the moment. All participants reported decreased discomfort of pain at post-measurement, three of whom also reported decreased pain intensity.
Conclusion: The results suggest that an acceptance-based intervention may help children and adolescents with cancer to cope with the pain that is often associated with cancer treatment in spite of pharmacological pain management. The results are tentative but promising and warrant further investigation.

Keywords: acute pain, acceptance, pain intensity, discomfort of pain
 

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other articles by this author:

Children’s and adolescents’ relationship to pain during cancer treatment: a preliminary validation of the Pain Flexibility Scale for Children

Thorsell Cederberg J, Weineland Strandskov S, Dahl J, Ljungman G

Journal of Pain Research 2017, 10:1171-1178

Published Date: 16 May 2017

Parents’ relationship to pain during children's cancer treatment – a preliminary validation of the Pain Flexibility Scale for Parents

Thorsell Cederberg J, Weineland Strandskov S, Dahl J, Ljungman G

Journal of Pain Research 2017, 10:507-514

Published Date: 3 March 2017