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Altered Spontaneous Brain Activity Patterns in Patients After Lasik Surgery Using Amplitude of Low-Frequency Fluctuation: A Resting-State Functional MRI Study

Authors Yu YJ, Liang RB, Yang QC, Ge QM, Li QY, Li B, Shi WQ, Shao Y

Received 7 March 2020

Accepted for publication 28 June 2020

Published 7 August 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 1907—1917


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yuping Ning

Ya-Jie Yu,1,* Rong-Bin Liang,1,* Qi-Chen Yang,2,* Qian-Min Ge,1 Qiu-Yu Li,1 Biao Li,1 Wen-Qing Shi,1 Yi Shao1

1Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Yi Shao Tel/ Fax +86 791-88692520

Objective: Previous studies demonstrated that myopia could result in alterations of brain activity in specific areas. However, whether the visual function could improve by Lasik surgery, with the brain activity alterations also change, is still unknown. Here, we intended to use the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) technique to investigate the intrinsic brain activity changes in pre-Lasik (PRL) and post-Lasik (POL) patients.
Methods: A total of 15 patients with myopia (nine male and six female) were recruited in our study, who were matched according to age, weight, and height. These patients comprised both the PRL and POL groups, which is self-controlled. The patients all underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the spontaneous brain activity changes were recorded by the ALFF technique. The data were recorded and arranged in the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, which presented how intrinsic activities altered in different brain regions. Moreover, by Graphpad prism 8, we can analyze the linear correlation between HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and ALFF values as well.
Results: Differences in ALFF values existed in brain regions between the same patient before and after the Lasik operation. The regions with increased ALFF values after Lasik surgery were the left parahippocampal gyrus, cerebellar vermis, and left posterior cingulate cortex. The regions with decreased ALFF values after Lasik surgery were the left supramarginal gyrus and right trigonometric inferior frontal gyrus.
Conclusion: We demonstrated significant fluctuations of ALFF values in specific brain areas between the same patients before and after the Lasik surgery. The altered ALFF values reflected the hyperactivity or hypoactivity of the specific brain areas, which may help predict the recovery level of patients’ vision after Lasik surgery. Furthermore, based on the experimental results that presented significant activity alterations in specific brian regions, patients could be speculated equipped with a better visual function.

Keywords: myopia, Lasik, resting-state functional MRI, amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation

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