Adjuvant immunotherapy of dendritic cells and cytokine-induced killer cells is safe and enhances chemotherapy efficacy for multiple myeloma in China: a meta-analysis of clinical trials
Authors Wang Y, Lv BJ, Li K, Zhang AQ, Liu H
Received 21 July 2017
Accepted for publication 26 October 2017
Published 15 November 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 3245—3256
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Junhua Mai
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr James Janetka
Yan Wang,1 Benji Lv,2 Ke Li,3 Anqi Zhang,3 Hong Liu3
1Department of Clinical Laboratory, 2Department of Blood Transfusion, 3Department of Central Laboratory, Liaocheng People’s Hospital, Liaocheng Clinical School of Taishan Medical University, Liaocheng, Shandong Province, China
Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of dendritic cells and cytokine-induced killer cells (DC–CIK) adjuvant immunotherapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM).
Methods: Clinical trials were gathered by searching Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, and CNKI database. Outcome measurements including therapeutic efficacy, prognosis, immune function, and adverse events were extracted and evaluated.
Results: A total of 12 trials including 594 MM patients were involved in this study for statistical analysis. Results indicated that compared to chemotherapy alone, the combination of DC–CIK immunotherapy with chemotherapy significantly improved patients’ overall response rate (ORR, odds ratio [OR] =2.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.88–4.10, P<0.00001), disease control rate (DCR, OR =2.90, CI =1.72–4.90, P<0.0001), and life quality (P<0.00001). The combined therapy showed advantages over chemotherapy alone in prognostic indicators including percentage of tumor cells (P=0.04), serum levels of β2-microglobin (P<0.0001), M protein (P<0.00001), and creatinine (P<0.0001), and 24 h urine light chains (P<0.00001). After combined treatment, CD4+ lymphocyte subsets’ percentages, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, and cytokines levels of AgNOR, IFN-γ, IL-2, and IL-12 were significantly increased (P<0.05), whereas CD8+ and CD4+CD25+ percentages and IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and TGF-β levels were obviously decreased (P<0.01), indicating a recovered immune condition.
Conclusion: Adjuvant DC–CIK immunotherapy enhances the efficacy of chemotherapy for MM and improves prognosis probably by reconstructing immune function.
Keywords: cytokine-induced killer cells, dendritic cells, multiple myeloma, adjuvant immunotherapy, meta-analysis
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