Adherence to Hepatocellular Carcinoma Surveillance and Perceived Barriers Among High-Risk Chronic Liver Disease Patients in Yunnan, China
Received 29 April 2020
Accepted for publication 9 July 2020
Published 23 July 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 6209—6220
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Seema Singh
Jingyi Dai,1,2,* Jun Zhao,3,* Yingrong Du,1 Lin Zhuang,1 Edward B McNeil,2 Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong2
1Department of Liver Diseases, The Third People’s Hospital of Kunming City, Kunming, Yunnan, People’s Republic of China; 2Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand; 3Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Management, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong Email email@example.com
Background: Data concerning adherence to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance among chronic liver disease (CLD) patients at high risk of developing HCC in China are limited. We aimed to examine the relationship between HCC-related knowledge dimensions and adherence to HCC surveillance procedures among chronic liver disease patients at high risk of developing HCC and to identify potential barriers.
Methods: A total of 380 patients with chronic liver disease at high risk of developing HCC were recruited between May and August 2018 to complete a survey during the first week of their first hospitalization at the Third People’s Hospital of Kunming in China. We followed up each patient up to 7 months by telephone to confirm whether the patient returned to complete investigations for HCC surveillance. Patient’s socio-demographic characteristics, HCC-related knowledge, and perceived barriers to HCC surveillance were measured using a structured questionnaire during their hospitalization. Factor analysis was performed on the knowledge questions to reduce the dimensions. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to examine the association between dimensions of HCC-related knowledge and patients’ adherence to HCC surveillance.
Results: A total of 327 eligible patients had been successfully contacted in the follow-up phase. Only a quarter of patients completed HCC surveillance within 7 months after their first admission to hospital. High costs and perceived poor test efficacy were the two major barriers for HCC surveillance. Three common factors were derived from the factor analysis of HCC-related knowledge, namely, “Surveillance”, “Lifestyle”, and ‘Prognosis’. Knowledge of HCC surveillance and lifestyle but not prognosis had an influence on adherence to HCC surveillance. Patients with better surveillance and lifestyle knowledge domain had better adherence to HCC surveillance.
Conclusion: Adherence to HCC surveillance procedures is low in the study area. Closing the gap in HCC-related knowledge, particularly regarding surveillance and lifestyle, may help to increase adherence rates.
Keywords: HCC surveillance, adherence, knowledge, barriers
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