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Activation of spinal dorsal horn P2Y13 receptors can promote the expression of IL-1β and IL-6 in rats with diabetic neuropathic pain

Authors Zhou R, Xu T, Liu XH, Chen YS, Kong D, Tian H, Yue MX, Huang DJ, Zeng JW

Received 18 October 2017

Accepted for publication 10 January 2018

Published 27 March 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 615—628


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval

Rui Zhou,Tao Xu,XiaoHong Liu, YuanShou Chen, DeYing Kong, Hong Tian, Mingxia Yue, Dujuan Huang, Junwei Zeng

Department of Physiology, Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objective: The dorsal horn P2Y13 receptor is involved in the development of pain behavior induced by peripheral nerve injury. It is unclear whether the expression of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 at the spinal dorsal horn are influenced after the activation of P2Y13 receptor in rats with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP).
Methods: A rat model of type 1 DNP was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). We examined the expression of P2Y13 receptor, Iba-1, IL-1β, IL-6, JAK2, STAT3, pTyr1336, and pTyr1472 NR2B in rat spinal dorsal horn.
Results: Compared with normal rats, STZ-diabetic rats displayed obvious mechanical allodynia and the increased expression of P2Y13 receptor, Iba-1, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the dorsal spinal cord that was continued for 6 weeks in DNP rats. The data obtained indicated that, in DNP rats, administration of MRS2211 significantly attenuated mechanical allodynia. Compared with DNP rats, after MRS2211 treatment, expression of the P2Y13 receptor, Iba-1, IL-1β, and IL-6 were reduced 4 weeks after the STZ injection. However, MRS2211 treatment did not attenuate the expression of the P2Y13 receptor, Iba-1, IL-1β, and IL-6 at 6 weeks after the STZ injection. MRS2211 suppressed JAK2 and STAT3 expression in the early stage, but not in the later stage. Moreover, pTyr1336 NR2B was significantly decreased, whereas pTyr1472 NR2B was unaffected in the dorsal spinal cord of MRS2211-treated DNP rats.
Conclusion: Intrathecal MRS2211 produces an anti-nociceptive effect in early-stage DNP. A possible mechanism involved in MRS2211-induced analgesia is that blocking the P2Y13 receptor downregulates levels of IL-1β and IL-6, which subsequently inhibit the activation of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Furthermore, blocking the activation of the P2Y13 receptor can decrease NR2B-containing NMDAR phosphorylation in dorsal spinal cord neurons, thereby attenuating central sensitization in STZ-induced DNP rats.

Keywords: diabetic neuropathic pain, dorsal horn, P2Y13 receptor

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