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Acceptability of Vaccination Against COVID-19 Among Healthcare Workers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Authors Kabamba Nzaji M, Kabamba Ngombe L, Ngoie Mwamba G, Banza Ndala DB, Mbidi Miema J, Luhata Lungoyo C, Lora Mwimba B, Cikomola Mwana Bene A, Mukamba Musenga E

Received 28 July 2020

Accepted for publication 13 October 2020

Published 29 October 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 103—109


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor David Price

Michel Kabamba Nzaji,1,2 Leon Kabamba Ngombe,1,3 Guillaume Ngoie Mwamba,4 Deca Blood Banza Ndala,5 Judith Mbidi Miema,2 Christophe Luhata Lungoyo,2 Bertin Lora Mwimba,2 Aimé Cikomola Mwana Bene,2 Elisabeth Mukamba Musenga2

1Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kamina, Kamina, Democratic Republic of Congo; 2Ministry of Health, National Expanded Program for Immunization, Operational Research Unit, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo; 3Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Nursing Care Section, Higher Institute of Medical Techniques of Lubumbashi, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo; 4VillageReach, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo; 5Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Community Health Section, Higher Institute of Medical Techniques of Mbuji-Mayi, Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Correspondence: Michel Kabamba Nzaji Tel +243978467432
Email [email protected]

Purpose: This study aims to estimate the acceptability of a future vaccine against COVID-19 and associated factors if offered in Congolese health-care workers (HCWs), since they have the highest direct exposure to the disease.
Patients and Methods: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study among 23 Congolese referral hospitals, including three university hospitals, located in three towns from March through 30 April 2020. The main outcome variable was healthcare workers’ acceptance of a future vaccine against COVID-19. The associated factors of vaccination willingness were identified through a logistic regression analysis.
Results: A sample of 613 HCWs participated in the study and completed the study questionnaire, including 312 (50.9%) men and 301 (49.1%) women. Only 27.7% of HCWs said that they would accept a COVID-19 vaccine if it was available. From the logistic regression analysis, male healthcare workers (ORa=1.17, 95% CI: 1.15– 2.60), primarily doctors (ORa=1.59; 95% CI:1.03– 2.44) and having a positive attitude towards a COVID-19 vaccine (ORa=11.49; 95% CI: 5.88– 22.46) were significantly associated with reporting willingness to be vaccinated.
Conclusion: For acceptability of vaccination against COVID-19 among others education among HCWs is crucial because health professionals’ attitudes about vaccines are an important determinant of their own vaccine uptake and their likelihood of recommending the vaccine to their patients.

Keywords: COVID-19 vaccine, health-care workers, HCWs, acceptability, DRC

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