A positive correlation between serum amyloid β levels and depressive symptoms among community-dwelling elderly individuals in Japan
Received 4 May 2014
Accepted for publication 26 June 2014
Published 30 August 2014 Volume 2014:10 Pages 1621—1627
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Koji Tsuruga,1 Norio Sugawara,1 Norio Yasui-Furukori,1 Ippei Takahashi,2 Shoko Tsuchimine,1 Ayako Kaneda,1 Shigeyuki Nakaji,2 Kazuhiko Nakamura1
1Department of Neuropsychiatry, 2Department of Social Medicine, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan
Background: Amyloid beta (Aβ) levels have been associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). As depression is common before the onset of AD, serum Aß levels could be associated with depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum Aβ levels are associated with depressive symptoms and/or cognitive function in community-dwelling elderly individuals.
Methods: We examined the association between serum Aβ levels and depression among 419 Japanese community-dwelling elderly individuals aged 60 years and over. Subjects were divided into two subgroups: younger elderly between 60 and 69 years old and older elderly over 69 years old. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was used to assess cognitive function, and symptoms of depression were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The ability to perform activities of daily living was evaluated using the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence. Serum Aβ levels were measured with a human amyloid beta enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit.
Results: After controlling for potential confounding variables, a multiple linear regression analysis showed that increased levels of serum Aβ40 and Aβ42 were associated with higher CES-D scores in the older elderly subgroup. Under the same condition, multiple regression showed that serum Aβ levels were not associated with MMSE scores among the total subjects, younger elderly, or older elderly.
Conclusion: Serum Aβ levels were associated with depressive symptoms in community-dwelling elderly individuals. The present study indicates the possibility that serum Aβ may be involved in the development of late-onset depression.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, depression, dementia, Japanese
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