Back to Journals » International Journal of General Medicine » Volume 5

A patient with traumatic chylothorax

Authors Barkat A, Benbouchta, Karboubi L, Ghanimi, Kabiri M

Received 15 September 2011

Accepted for publication 28 December 2011

Published 14 September 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 759—762


Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Amina Barkat,1 Ilham Benbouchta,1 Lamia Karboubi,1 Zineb Ghanimi,2 Meryem Kabiri1

1National Reference Center in Neonatology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital, Rabat, Morocco; 2University Mohammed V souissi of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco

Abstract: Chylothorax refers to the accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity. Although rare, it is the most frequent cause of pleural effusion in the neonatal period. Its incidence is estimated at one in 15,000 neonates. The causes of chylothorax are multiple, and there are several major types of chylothorax defined by origin, ie, traumatic (and iatrogenic) chylothorax, medical (spontaneous) chylothorax, and congenital chylothorax. A case of neonatal chylothorax following surgery for esophageal atresia and our therapeutic approach to this entity are presented. Conservative therapy with total enteral nutrition and drainage were sufficient. Treatment for chylothorax is essentially medical, ie, pleural drainage, removal of dietary fats, treatment of any medical cause, and use of drugs to reduce production of chyle. In the event of failure or reappearance of a large effusion, surgical treatment is needed.

Keywords: chylothorax, octreotide, somatostatin, children

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Other articles by this author:

Lipid profile among Moroccan overweight women and breast cancer: a case-control study

Laamiri FZ, Otmani A, Ahid S, Barkat A

International Journal of General Medicine 2013, 6:439-445

Published Date: 5 June 2013

Analgesic effect of 30% glucose, milk and non-nutritive sucking in neonates

Mekkaoui N, Issef I, Kabiri M, Barkat A

Journal of Pain Research 2012, 5:573-577

Published Date: 21 November 2012

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010