A cross-sectional study examining the psychometric properties of the painDETECT measure in neuropathic pain
Authors Cappelleri J, Koduru V, Bienen EJ, Sadosky A
Received 30 December 2014
Accepted for publication 2 March 2015
Published 15 April 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 159—167
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman
Joseph C Cappelleri,1 Vijaya Koduru,2 E Jay Bienen,3 Alesia Sadosky4
1Pfizer Inc, Groton, CT, USA; 2Eliassen Group, New London, CT, USA; 3Outcomes Research Consultant, New York, NY, USA; 4Pfizer Inc, New York, NY, USA
Background: Similarities and differences on the nine-item and seven-item versions of painDETECT, a patient-reported screener to identify neuropathic pain (NeP), have not been psychometrically explored across NeP conditions.
Methods: Scores on the nine-item painDETECT (seven pain symptom items, one pain course pattern item, one pain radiation item) range from -1 to 38; scores ≥19 indicate NeP is likely (>90% probability). The seven-item version (only pain symptoms) score range is 0 to 35. painDETECT was administered to subjects with confirmed diagnoses of human immunodeficiency virus-related peripheral NeP (HIVP) (n=103), spinal cord injury-related NeP (SCI) (n=103), small fiber neuropathy (n=100), painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (n=112), posttrauma/postsurgical NeP (n=100), and NeP in chronic low back pain (n=106) identified during office visits to US community-based physicians. Analysis of covariance compared mean scores (adjusted for age, sex, race, ethnicity, time since NeP diagnosis, and number of comorbidities) on the nine-item and seven-item versions of painDETECT. Cronbach's alpha assessed internal consistency reliability, and corrected item-to-total correlations assessed item-level discrimination.
Results: The adjusted mean nine-item scores ranged from 21.0 (SCI) to 24.3 (small fiber neuropathy). Differences between conditions were either trivial or small-to-medium in magnitude. Cronbach's alpha gave overall internal consistency reliability of 0.76, with a range of 0.63 (SCI) to 0.82 (HIVP). Mean scores and Cronbach's alphas for the seven-item version were generally similar to the nine-item version. Corrected item-to-total correlations adequately discriminated all pain symptom items on both painDETECT versions for each condition (0.3–0.7), but the two nonsensory items on the nine-item version showed lackluster discrimination (<0.3).
Conclusion: painDETECT scores were within the range indicating high probability of NeP. Differences between conditions were generally modest or not large. Both versions showed evidence of internal consistency reliability and item-level discrimination, suggesting that painDETECT is a useful screening measure for identifying NeP across NeP conditions.
Keywords: painful diabetic neuropathy, spinal cord injury, back pain, small fiber neuropathy, HIV-related peripheral neuropathy, posttrauma neuropathy
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]