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A brief report of toxicity end points of HER2 vaccines for the treatment of patients with HER2+ breast cancer

Authors Costa R, Zaman S, Sharpe S, Helenowski I, Shaw C, Han H, Soliman H, Czerniecki B

Received 27 September 2018

Accepted for publication 18 December 2018

Published 14 January 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 309—316


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Qiongyu Guo

Ricardo Costa,1 Saif Zaman,2 Susan Sharpe,3 Irene Helenowski,4 Colleen Shaw,1 Hyo Han,1 Hatem Soliman,1 Brian Czerniecki1

1Department of Breast Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA; 2Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 3Moffitt Biomedical Library, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA; 4Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA

Abstract: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted vaccines are under development, but have so far demonstrated only modest clinical efficacy. Additionally, there has been a lack of adequate safety assessment in large-scale prospective clinical trials. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of available clinical trial data to summarize the toxicity profiles of these treatments. Literature search was conducted in February 2018. The trials analyzed had at least one study arm consisting of HER2 vaccine monotherapy. Heterogeneity across studies was analyzed using I2 statistics. Data were analyzed using random-effects meta-analysis for absolute risk (AR). Eight trials and 248 patients were included. There was no evidence of heterogeneity between studies for grades 3/4 adverse events (AEs) or for death. The AR for treatment-related serious AEs was 5% with no treatment-related deaths. The AR of all-grade fatigue, injection site reaction, and fever/chills/rigors was 33%, 23%, and 31%, respectively. Asymptomatic drop in left ventricle ejection fraction was rare (8%). HER2 vaccines are well tolerated with increased AR of fatigue, injection site reactions, and fever/chills/rigors.

Keywords: HER2, vaccines, immunity, dendritic cells, toxicity

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