4-Amino-2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl retinate inhibits proliferation, invasion, and migration of breast cancer cells by independently regulating CRABP2 and FABP5
Authors Ju J, Wang N, Wang J, Wu F, Ge J, Chen F
Received 7 September 2017
Accepted for publication 2 February 2018
Published 27 April 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 997—1008
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Georgios D. Panos
Jing Ju,1,2 Nan Wang,2 Jiali Wang,2 Fanrong Wu,1 Jinfang Ge,1 Feihu Chen1
1School of Pharmacy, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmacy, Anqing Municipal Hospital, Anqing Anhui, People’s Republic of China
Background: 4-Amino-2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl retinate (ATPR), a novel retinoid derivative, inhibits proliferation and induces differentiation in many cancer cells. In this study, the inhibitory effects of ATPR on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of breast cancer (BC) cells, and the relationship between ATPR and the expression of the intracellular lipid-binding proteins CRABP2 and FABP5 were investigated.
Methods: CRABP2 and FABP5 expression was evaluated in infiltrating breast-infiltrating ductal carcinoma(BIDC) and benign breast fibroma (BBF) by immunohistochemistry and in MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-435, and MDA-MB-453 cells by immunofluorescence. The inhibition of proliferation by ATPR in these cells was detected by MTT. After downregulation and upregulation of CRABP2 and FABP5 in MCF-7 or MDA-MB-231 cells using siRNA and plasmids, the effect of ATPR on proliferation was detected by MTT and real-time cell analysis, and the effects of ATPR on the invasion and migration of MDA-MB-231 cells were detected using a Boyden chamber assay and a wound healing assay.
Results: CRABP2 expression was moderately or strongly positive in BIDC and BBF. FABP5 expression was also moderately or strongly positive in BIDC, but weakly positive or negative in BBF. CRABP2 and FABP5 were highly expressed in MCF-7 cells, moderately expressed in MDA-MB-453 cells, and weakly expressed in MDA-MB-435 and MDA-MB-231 cells. ATPR inhibited proliferation more strongly in MCF-7 cells than in other cells. The inhibition of proliferation by ATPR depended on an increase in CRABP2, but not FABP5 expression. A decrease in FABP5 could inhibit the invasion and migration of BC cells.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that ATPR might inhibit proliferation by upregulating CRABP2, and inhibit invasion and migration by downregulating FABP5 in BC cells. These findings may facilitate the use of differentiation therapy in BC.
Keywords: ATPR, CRABP2, FABP5, breast cancer, proliferation, invasion, migration
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