Pharmacokinetic comparison of a fixed-dose combination versus concomitant administration of amlodipine, olmesartan, and rosuvastatin in healthy adult subjects
Received 23 January 2019
Accepted for publication 6 March 2019
Published 3 April 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 991—997
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Anastasios Lymperopoulos
Minkyung Oh,1 Jae-Gook Shin,1,2 Sangzin Ahn,1 Bo Hoon Kim,3 Ji Yeon Kim,3 Hyun Ju Shin,4 Hyun Ju Shin,4 Jong-Lyul Ghim1,2
1Department of Pharmacology and PharmacoGenomics Research Center, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea; 3Formulation Research Team, Seoul, Daewoong Pharma, Republic of Korea; 4Clinical Research Team, Daewoong Pharma, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) and safety profiles of a fixed dose combination (FDC) formulation and co-administration of amlodipine, olmesartan, and rosuvastatin.
Materials and methods: This study was an open-label, randomized, cross-over design conducted in healthy male volunteers. All subjects received either a single FDC tablet containing amlodipine 10 mg/olmesartan 40 mg/rosuvastatin 20 mg, or were co-administered an FDC tablet containing amlodipine 10 mg/olmesartan 40 mg and a tablet containing rosuvastatin 20 mg, for each period, with 14-day washout periods. Plasma concentrations of amlodipine, olmesartan, and rosuvastatin were measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Safety was evaluated by measuring vital signs, clinical laboratory parameters, physical examinations, and medical interviews.
Results: Sixty-four subjects were enrolled, and 54 completed the study. The geometric mean ratios and 90% CI for the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve from time zero to the last sampling time (AUCt) were 1.0716 (1.0369,1.1074) and 1.0497 (1.0243,1.0757) for amlodipine, 1.0396 (0.9818,1.1009) and 1.0138 (0.9716,1.0578) for olmesartan, and 1.0257 (0.9433,1.1152) and 1.0043 (0.9453,1.0669) for rosuvastatin. Fourteen cases of adverse events occurred in 12 subjects. There was no statistically significant clinical difference between the formulation groups.
Conclusion: The 90% CI of the primary PK parameters were within the acceptance bioequivalence criteria, which is ln (0.8) and ln (1.25). These results indicate that the FDC formulation and co-administration of amlodipine, olmesartan and rosuvastatin are pharmacokinetically bioequivalent and have similar safety profiles.
Keywords: fixed-dose combination, pharmacokinetics, amlodipine, olmesartan, rosuvastatin
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