Validation of the Thorax Trauma Severity Score for mortality and its value for the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome
Tjeerd S Aukema1, Ludo FM Beenen2, Falco Hietbrink1, Luke PH Leenen1
1Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, 2Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and to validate the Thorax Trauma Severity Score for mortality (TTSS).
Methods: By database analysis 712 patients with an injury to the chest admitted to the Universal Medical Center Utrecht between 2000 and 2004 were studied. All patients with a score of ≥1 on the AISthorax were included in the study. The patients' file was evaluated for: TTSS, intensive care unit stay, days on ventilation, thorax trauma-related complications (eg, acute respiratory distress syndrome [ARDS]), total hospital stay, and mortality.
Results: Of the 516 patients included in the study, 140 (27%) developed thorax-related complications. The overall in-hospital mortality rate was 10%. The receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting mortality demonstrated an adequate discrimination by a value of 0.844. The TTSS was statistically significant higher in patients who died of thorax-related complications than in patients who died because of nonthorax-related complications and survivors (P <0.001, confidence interval [CI] 95%). In patients who developed ARDS the TTSS was significant higher (P = 0.005, CI 95%).
Conclusion: This study supports the use of the TTSS for predicting mortality in thoracic injury patients. Furthermore, the TTSS appears capable of predicting ARDS.
Keywords: wounds and injuries, thorax, trauma severity indices, acute respiratory distress syndrome, mortality
© 2011 The Author(s). This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.