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Use of sulodexide in patients with peripheral vascular disease

Authors Lasierra-Cirujeda J, Coronel P, Aza Pascual-Salcedo MJ, Gimeno M

Published 15 June 2010 Volume 2010:1 Pages 105—114


Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

J Lasierra-Cirujeda1, P Coronel2, MJ Aza3, M Gimeno2

1CM Hematológico SC, Logroño, La Rioja; 2Tedec-Meiji Farma, SA, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid; 3Pharmaceutical Act, Ministry of Health, La Rioja Regional Government, Spain

Abstract: Sulodexide is a highly purified glycosaminoglycan containing a combination of heparan sulfate with affinity for antithrombin III and dermatan sulfate with affinity for heparin cofactor II. This antithrombotic and antithrombin activity is of great pharmacologic interest and makes sulodexide a suitable drug for the prophylaxis and treatment of arterial and venous peripheral diseases. In arterial pathology, changes in the Winsor Index, improvement in peripheral blood flow, and reduction in pain-free walking distance confirm that treatment with oral sulodexide is effective. Lipid components linked to the genesis of peripheral vascular processes, including triglycerides, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein fractions, as well as plasma and blood viscosity, are reduced by the administration of sulodexide, whereas the high-density lipoprotein fraction increases. Sulodexide inhibits aggregation and adhesion of platelets at the level of the vascular wall, reduces plasma fibrinogen concentrations, reduces plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and increases tissue plasminogen activator, as well as systemic fibrinolytic and thrombolytic activity, thereby demonstrating efficacy in the treatment of thromboembolic disease. There is no interaction between sulodexide and other drugs used as long-term treatment for peripheral vascular disease. It is well tolerated, and the adverse reactions described after oral administration are related mainly to transient gastrointestinal intolerance, ie, nausea, dyspepsia, and minor bowel symptoms. Sulodexide may become the treatment of choice when dealing with vascular diseases and their complications, as well as for the prevention of venous thromboembolic disease, being particularly indicated in elderly patients, due to its good tolerability and ease of management.
Keywords: sulodexide, peripheral vascular disease, safety, efficacy, venous thromboembolism

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