Use of Artelon® Cosmetic in soft tissue augmentation in dentistry
Youngkyung Ko, NamRyang Kim, Seojin Park, Jun-Beom Park
Department of Periodontics, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
Background: Soft tissue augmentation is a widely used procedure in partially and fully edentulous patients to increase soft tissue volume. Polyurethanes have been used for scaffolds in a variety of implantable devices. Artelon® is a degradable polyurethane that has been manufactured as fibers, films, and porous scaffolds to be used for various purposes. In this review, the characteristics of Artelon are described, and its clinical applications in orthopedics, dermatology, cardiovascular medicine, and dentistry are also discussed.
Methods: A Medline (PubMed) search was conducted, and articles published in English were included. Keywords, including “Artelon”, “polyurethanes”, “soft tissue augmentation”, “biocompatibility”, “resorption”, “mechanical stability”, and “complications” were used in different combinations. Titles and abstracts were screened, and full text article analyses were performed.
Results: Most of the studies reported orthopedic, dermal, and myocardial applications. There were only a few reports related to dental and implant applications. Artelon has been successfully used for reinforcement of soft tissues, including the rotator cuff, Achilles, patellar, biceps, and quadriceps tendons in orthopedic surgery, and is used clinically for the treatment of osteoarthritis in the hand, wrist, and foot. One type of Artelon material, Artelon Cosmetic, has been used in the dental field to increase soft tissue volume, and stable results are achieved for up to 6 months. This material is reported to be easily handled when cut to the desired shape, with little additional time needed for manipulation during surgery, eliminates the need for connective tissue autografts, and thereby decreases patient morbidity and postoperative discomfort, with increased likelihood of a positive subjective outcome.
Conclusion: Artelon may be applied in the dental field to increase soft tissue volume. Further studies of various applications in dentistry with long-term results are needed to confirm the safety and efficacy of this material before it can be used on a routine basis in dentistry.
Keywords: Artelon® Cosmetic, dentistry, soft tissue augmentation, polyurethanes
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