Update on the everolimus-eluting coronary stent system: results and implications from the SPIRIT clinical trial program
R Michael Kirchner, J Dawn Abbott
Department of Cardiology, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI, USA
Abstract: Drug-eluting stents (DES) have had a major impact in interventional cardiology. Compared to bare metal stents, they significantly reduce restenosis and the need for target vessel revascularization. Four DES are available in the US, the first-generation sirolimuseluting (Cypher®) and paclitaxel-eluting (Taxus®) stents and later approved second-generation everolimus-eluting (Xience V®) and zotarolimus-eluting (Endeavor®) stents. The Xience V stent was approved on the basis of clinical efficacy and safety data from 3 studies in the SPIRIT clinical trial program. Within this trial series, the Xience V was superior to its bare metal stent counterpart, the Vision® stent, and noninferior to the paclitaxel-eluting stent for target vessel failure at 9 months. This review provides a comprehensive assessment of the data derived from both the pre- and post-approval randomized controlled trials and registry studies of Xience V that comprise the SPIRIT clinical trial program including recently published mid-term outcomes. The implications of the results in terms of interventional practice will be discussed.
Keywords: cobalt-chromium, drug-eluting stent, everolimus, percutaneous coronary intervention, Xience V
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.