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Understanding health care avoidance and initial help-seeking behavior in German veterans: a theory of planned behavior

Authors Siegel S, Dors S, Brants L, Schuy K, Rau H

Received 4 December 2017

Accepted for publication 9 March 2018

Published 9 July 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 243—248

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S158876

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman


Stefan Siegel,1 Simone Dors,1 Loni Brants,1 Katrin Schuy,1 Heinrich Rau2

1Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; 2Center for PTSD, Military Hospital Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Objective: To gain initial insights into salient beliefs of former German soldiers (veterans) about the use of mental health services.
Data source: Narrative interviews with former German soldiers (veterans) were conducted in 2016.
Data collection/extraction method: Forty-three interviews were transcribed and analyzed thematically based on the theoretical framework of the theory of planned behavior. From within the behavorial, normative, and control beliefs, the salient beliefs were identified.
Principal findings: Four groups of salient beliefs were identified, described, and named: “Autarky”, “Ineffectiveness”, “Heteronomy”, and “Incapacity”.
Conclusion: Interventions and campaigns addressing these four specific groups of beliefs may lead to higher health service use rates. However, as a result of methodological limitations of the study design, the conclusion remains tentative.

Keywords: veterans, military personnel, barriers to care, mental health service/utilization

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