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Ultrasound-Guided Unilateral Transversus Abdominis Plane Combined with Rectus Sheath Block versus Subarachnoid Anesthesia in Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Surgery: A Randomized Prospective Controlled Trial

Authors Li J, Guo W, Zhao W, Wang X, Hu W, Zhou J, Xu S, Lei H

Received 24 May 2020

Accepted for publication 1 August 2020

Published 14 September 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 2279—2287


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert B. Raffa

Ji Li,1 Wenjing Guo,1 Wei Zhao,1 Xiang Wang,1 Wenmin Hu,1 Jie Zhou,2 Shiyuan Xu,1 Hongyi Lei1

1Department of Anesthesiology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Correspondence: Hongyi Lei; Shiyuan Xu Department of Anesthesiology
Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, People’s Republic of China
Tel/Fax +86-20-62782898

Background: Peritoneal dialysis catheter placement can be performed under general anesthesia, local anesthesia or subarachnoid anesthesia (SA). Recently, studies have reported the successful placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters using a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and rectus sheath (RS) block. This study compared the TAP + RS block with SA for patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis catheter placement.
Methods: Sixty patients were randomly divided into two groups, with 30 receiving unilateral ultrasound-guided TAP + RS block anesthesia and 30 receiving SA. The demographic characteristics, anesthesia efficacy, indicators related to anesthesia or operation, hemodynamic index, postoperative pain numeric rating score (NRS), postoperative recovery indicators, complications related to anesthesia or surgery, and dosage of sedative or analgesic medication were analyzed.
Results: Anesthesia operation time was significantly shorter in the TAP + RS block group than in the SA group (P< 0.001), while there was no significant difference in success rates (TAP + RS 93.33% [95% confidence interval, 95% CI, 83.9– 102.8%] vs SA 100.00% [95% CI, 100– 100%], P=0.472). Two patients in the TAP + RS group needed extra analgesia, although the dermatome pinprick sensation test gave negative results for all patients. Patients who received the TAP + RS block expressed significantly less pain on movement or at rest at 4 h and 8 h postoperative. Fewer patients needed rescue analgesia with tramadol in the postoperative period in the TAP + RS block group than in the SA group (P< 0.05). The intraoperative MAP was more stable (P< 0.05) in the TAP + RS group compared to the SA group.
Conclusion: The TAP + RS block is a safe, effective method for use as the principal anesthesia technique in PD catheter placement. Compared to SA, it has the advantages of less influence on hemodynamics and a better postoperative analgesic effect.

Keywords: TAP block, rectus sheath block, peritoneal dialysis catheter placement, local anesthesia, subarachnoid anesthesia

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