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Type I insulin-like growth factor as a liver reserve assessment tool in hepatocellular carcinoma

Authors Abdel-Wahab R, Shehata S, Hassan M, Habra M, Eskandari G, Tinkey P, Mitchell J, Lee J, Amin H, Kaseb A

Received 21 January 2015

Accepted for publication 14 April 2015

Published 18 September 2015 Volume 2015:2 Pages 131—142

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JHC.S81309

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Junji Furuse

Reham Abdel-Wahab,1,2 Samir Shehata,2 Manal M Hassan,1 Mouhammed A Habra,3 Ghazaleh Eskandari,4 Peggy T Tinkey,5 Jennifer Mitchell,5 Ju-Seog Lee,6 Hesham M Amin,4,7 Ahmed O Kaseb1

1Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA; 2Department of Clinical Oncology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt; 3Department of Endocrinology, 4Department of Hematopathology, 5Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, 6Department of Systems Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 7Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, TX, USA


Abstract: Chronic liver diseases (CLDs) encompass a wide range of illnesses, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and viral hepatitis. Deterioration of liver capacity, with subsequent progression into cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), ultimately leads to a further decrease in the hepatic reserve. The Child–Turcotte–Pugh scoring system is the standard tool for assessing underlying liver reserve capacity in routine practice and in clinical trials of CLD and HCC. In this review, we highlight the clinical significance of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the growth hormone (GH) signaling pathway in HCC. IGF-I could be a marker for liver reserve capacity in CLDs and HCC in clinical practice. This approach could improve the risk assessment and stratifications of patients on the basis of their underlying liver reserve, either before active treatment in routine practice or before they are enrolled in clinical trials.

Keywords: IGF-I, growth hormone, chronic liver disease

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