Type 2 diabetes mellitus: distribution of genetic markers in Kazakh population
Received 4 November 2017
Accepted for publication 28 December 2017
Published 5 March 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 377—388
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Nurgul Sikhayeva,1,2 Yerkebulan Talzhanov,1 Aisha Iskakova,1 Jarkyn Dzharmukhanov,1 Raushan Nugmanova,1 Elena Zholdybaeva,1 Erlan Ramanculov1–3
1National Scientific Laboratory of Biotechnology, National Center for Biotechnology, Astana, Kazakhstan; 2Faculty of Natural Sciences, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan; 3School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
Background: Ethnic differences exist in the frequencies of genetic variations that contribute to the risk of common disease. This study aimed to analyse the distribution of several genes, previously associated with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes and obesity-related phenotypes, in a Kazakh population.
Methods: A total of 966 individuals belonging to the Kazakh ethnicity were recruited from an outpatient clinic. We genotyped 41 common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously associated with type 2 diabetes in other ethnic groups and 31 of these were in Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium. The obtained allele frequencies were further compared to publicly available data from other ethnic populations. Allele frequencies for other (compared) populations were pooled from the haplotype map (HapMap) database. Principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis, and multidimensional scaling (MDS) were used for the analysis of genetic relationship between the populations.
Results: Comparative analysis of allele frequencies of the studied SNPs showed significant differentiation among the studied populations. The Kazakh population was grouped with Asian populations according to the cluster analysis and with the Caucasian populations according to PCA. According to MDS, results of the current study show that the Kazakh population holds an intermediate position between Caucasian and Asian populations.
Conclusion: A high percentage of population differentiation was observed between Kazakh and world populations. The Kazakh population was clustered with Caucasian populations, and this result may indicate a significant Caucasian component in the Kazakh gene pool.
Keywords: single-nucleotide polymorphism, Kazakh population, type 2 diabetes, OpenArray
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