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Treatment with bimatoprost for exophthalmos in patients with inactive thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy

Authors Higashiyama T, Ohji M

Received 11 September 2018

Accepted for publication 30 October 2018

Published 27 November 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2415—2421

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S187164

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Tomoaki Higashiyama, Masahito Ohji

Department of Ophthalmology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan

Purpose: This study was performed to observe changes prospectively in exophthalmos and orbital fat in patients with inactive thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) treated with bimatoprost.
Methods: In this 12-month single-treatment pilot observational study, 13 patients with inactive-phase TAO were administered bimatoprost to treat exophthalmos due to TAO. Exophthalmos values and orbital tissue volumes were measured on MRI by technicians in a masked fashion.
Results:
Nine orbits of nine patients (eight women, one man) were treated with bimatoprost for 12 months. Mean exophthalmos values before and after treatment were 21.7±2.2 and 21.7±2.0 mm, respectively. The mean value after 12 months of treatment was not significantly different from before treatment (P=0.82). Mean orbital fat volume before and after 12 months of treatment was 17.2±2.5 and 17.0±3.0 cm3, respectively. The corresponding total extraocular muscle volume was 4.0±0.7 and 3.8±0.9 cm3, respectively. Mean volume in each tissue type after 12 months of treatment was not significantly different from before treatment (orbital fat, P=0.70; extraocular muscles, P=0.32).
Conclusion:
Topical bimatoprost treatment did not reduce exophthalmos or orbital fat in this cohort of patients with inactive TAO.

Keywords:
bimatoprost, thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, exophthalmos, orbital fat

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