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Treatment Sequencing Patterns in Patients with Metastatic Urothelial Cancer Treated in the Community Practice Setting in the United States: SPEAR-Bladder (Study informing treatment Pathway dEcision in bladder cAnceR)

Authors Doshi GK, Bhanegaonkar A, Kearney M, Bharmal M, Cislo P, Kim R, Boyd M, Aguilar KM, Phatak H

Received 28 May 2020

Accepted for publication 11 September 2020

Published 5 November 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 645—656


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Xing Lin Feng

Gurjyot K Doshi,1 Abhijeet Bhanegaonkar,2 Mairead Kearney,3 Murtuza Bharmal,2 Paul Cislo,4 Ruth Kim,4 Marley Boyd,5 Kathleen M Aguilar,5 Hemant Phatak2

1Texas Oncology, Houston, TX, USA; 2EMD Serono Research & Development Institute, Inc., Rockland, MA, USA; an affiliate of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany; 3Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany; 4Pfizer Inc., New York, NY, USA; 5Data, Evidence and Insights, McKesson Life Sciences, The US Oncology Network, The Woodlands, TX, USA

Correspondence: Abhijeet Bhanegaonkar
Director, US Health Economics and Outcomes Research – Oncology, North America Medical Affairs, EMD Serono, Inc., One Technology Place, Rockland, MA 02370, USA
Tel +1 781-681-2483

Purpose: Clinical trial evidence has affirmed the role for immuno-oncology (IO) treatment for locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (la/mUC). This Study informing treatment Pathway dEcision in bladder cAnceR (SPEAR-Bladder) aimed to provide insight into the optimal sequencing of IO treatments among la/mUC patients treated in the US Oncology Network.
Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients with la/mUC who initiated first-line chemotherapy followed by either IO therapy (C-IO subgroup) or chemotherapy (C-C subgroup) between 01/01/2015 and 04/30/2017 and included a potential follow-up period through 06/30/2017. Data were sourced from iKnowMed electronic health records. Patient and treatment characteristics were assessed descriptively, with Kaplan–Meier methods used to evaluate time-to-event outcomes, including overall survival (OS).
Results: A total of 117 patients were included in this analysis (median age 69 years, 74.4% male, 88.0% Caucasian): 79 and 38 patients were in the C-IO and C-C subgroups, respectively. The median OS was 19.2 months among patients who received the C-IO sequence and 11.9 months among those who received the C-C treatment sequence.
Conclusion: These results suggest that patients who received the C-IO treatment sequence had notable improvement in OS compared with those who received the C-C sequence. In light of the rapidly evolving therapeutic landscape, further investigation will be required to determine how best to select the optimal therapeutic regimen and sequencing for patients with la/mUC.

Keywords: urothelial carcinoma, SPEAR-Bladder, real-world clinical outcomes, treatment sequencing, retrospective, community oncology setting

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