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Treatment of cystoid macular edema with the new-generation NSAID nepafenac 0.1%

Authors Hariprasad S, Akduman L, Clever JA, Ober M, Recchia FM, Mieler WF

Published 20 January 2009 Volume 2009:3 Pages 147—154


Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6

Seenu M Hariprasad1, Levent Akduman2, Joseph A Clever2, Michael Ober3,4, Franco M Recchia5, William F Mieler1,6

1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Vitreoretinal Service; 6Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; 2Vitreoretinal Service, Saint Louis University Eye Institute, Saint Louis, MO, USA; 3Vitreoretinal Service, Henry Ford Health Systems, West Bloomfield, MI, USA; 4Retinal Consultants of Michigan, Southfield, MI, USA; 5Vitreoretinal Service, Vanderbilt Eye Institute, Nashville, TN, USA

Purpose: To describe the use of nepafenac 0.1% for cystoid macular edema (CME).

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective review of 22 CME cases (20 patients) treated with nepafenac 0.1% (six with concomitant prednisolone acetate 1%) from December 2005 to April 2008: three acute pseudophakic CME cases, 13 chronic/recalcitrant pseudophakic CME cases, and six cases of uveitic CME. Pre- and post-treatment retinal thickness and visual acuity were reported.

Results: Following treatment for six weeks to six months, six eyes with uveitic CME showed a mean retinal thickness improvement of 227 ± 168.1 μm; mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) improvement was 0.36 ± 0.20 logMAR. All three cases of acute pseudophakic CME improved after four to 10 weeks of nepafenac, with a mean improvement in retinal thickness of 134 ± 111.0 μm. BCVA improved in two patients (0.16 and 0.22 logMAR) but not in the third due to underlying retinal pigment epithelium changes. Thirteen eyes with chronic/recalcitrant pseudophakic CME demonstrated a mean improvement in retinal thickness of 178 ± 128.7 μm after nepafenac and mean BCVA improvement of 0.33 ± 0.19 logMAR.

Conclusion: The positive outcomes of these 22 eyes strongly suggest that nepafenac 0.1% is a promising drug for the treatment of CME. Additional study under randomized controlled conditions is warranted.

Keywords: macular edema, NSAID, nepafenac, cataract surgery, uveitis

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